Suzanne Berger: "We are on the eve of a new technological organization"
What if the crisis accelerated the emergence of a new form of globalization? Perhaps, because new technologies, such as 3D printers, are making it possible to rethink production chains, explains Suzanne Berger, professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and author of several books on globalization.Speaker at the “Aix en Seine” meetings (July 3 to 5 in Paris), she insisted on the need to protect communities weakened by the opening of borders.
Will this crisis spell the end of globalization as we have known it in recent years?
The pandemic struck in a context where it was already called into question.The rise of populisms, such as Brexit, underscores the growing dissatisfaction of populations with a globalization deemed incapable of providing effective protection against a series dangers, stirring up fear of the stranger.
Many also discovered during this crisis that certain products were not available due to the disruption of supplies.In some countries this intensified the desire to produce at home, but that would be a mistake.
Finally, international institutions, such as the World Health Organization [WHO], have been unable to act effectively in the face of Covid19 - in part because of the attitude of the United States, but not only.multilateralism are broader.This raises a fundamental question: is there an incompatibility between globalization and democracy?
Is there really an incompatibility?
I don't think so.But it is urgent to imagine how to protect those who are exposed when the borders are opened.Opening policies must be accompanied by internal policies preventing certain industrial sectors from paying a high price, accompanying communities suffering the most from industrial decline, as observed in the United States in the early 2000s.
Posted Date: 2020-09-28